An evaporator coil is a series of piping contained inside a metal cabinet that sits on top of a furnace. The evaporator coil has piping that runs outside to the air conditioner as well.
When cooling in the summer, an air conditioner sends chilled refrigerant (such as modern R-410A) inside to the evaporator coil. The furnace fan pulls air from the home via the return air ducts, and forces this air through the frigid evaporator coil piping. The coil extracts heat from the air while moisture also condenses on the cold piping, removing extra humidity.
The now cooled and dehumidified air is sent back into the duct system for distribution throughout the home while the heated R-410A refrigerant returns outside to the air conditioner (or heat pump). The air conditioner pressurizes the refrigerant removing the heat, and then the cycle repeats.
HVAC Tip: When an HVAC contractor mentions a condensing unit or condensor, they are referring to your air conditioner.
HVAC Advice: We recommend that you have your HVAC contractor install a UV lamp (UVC Lamp) inside your evaporator coil. The UV lamp will prevent mold from growing in the dark, damp interior of your coil system. Mold growth in an evaporator coil can cause mold spores to be sent into your indoor air, and it will also lower the efficiency of your coil meaning you pay higher monthly utility bills to cool your home.